Distance (round-trip)

6.6 mi


3.5 hrs

Elevation Gain

900 ft




Beautiful San Mateo Canyon lies in the heart of one of the few coastal California wilderness areas. This deep and rugged gorge occupies the southern third of the Trabuco District of Cleveland National Forest, and it protects one of the largest undisturbed watersheds in Southern California. The canyon’s remote location and relatively small number of visitors means hours (or days) of solitude for adventurous day hikers and backpackers.


This 6.6 mile trip travels along the shortest route to the bottom of the canyon and continues on a partial traverse west toward the boundary between public lands and Camp Pendleton. Along the way, you will pass through miles of undisturbed old-growth chaparral, riparian woodlands, trickling creeks, shallow ponds, and a number of excellent backpacking campsites that make the canyon an excellent location for overnight camping.


There are several ways to enter San Mateo Canyon, including the Bear Canyon Trail – which doubles as the trailhead for Sitton Peak, the Tenaja Falls Trail, the Tenaja Canyon Trail, and the Fishermans Camp Trail. This route focuses on the shorter, no-nonsense Fishermans Camp Trail, which drops about 500 feet to Fishermans Camp at the confluence of Tenaja Canyon and San Mateo Canyon. Each of the other routes is a satisfying endeavor in its own way, but all represent a considerably larger expenditure of time and energy.


Fishermans Camp

After parking and displaying your Adventure Pass at the Fishermans Camp Trailhead, pass the large boulder in the middle of the old road bed and commence contouring along the southern wall of San Mateo Canyon. This trail occupies an old road bed that once served as an access road to Fishermans Camp. The camp used to be a drive-in site that catered to fishermen looking to catch steelhead trout in the canyon. After the conferral of wilderness status, the Forest Service began maintaining the road as a trail. Now, the only camping done at Fishermans Camp is backpacking. No fires are allowed.


San Mateo Canyon on the descent from the trailhead

Fishermans Camp, which is 1.7 miles down from the trailhead, is one of three excellent backpacking sites along this route. Fishermans Camp lies at the confluence of Tenaja and San Mateo Canyons, and during wet years, this area can hold all the water you can hope for. During drier years, backpackers will have to walk a ways down or up canyon in order to find water. Day hikers will enjoy the cool shade and lush green winter grass or spring wildflowers at this beautiful spot. Fishermans Camp also offers the option of a relatively easy side hike over to Tenaja Falls, which is one of the more dramatic physical features of the wilderness with a 150 cascade over a rocky cliff.


View up Tenaja Canyon climbing out of Fishermans Camp


Fishermans is a good spot to stop and get a sampling of what the canyon has to offer, but if you are looking for a more involved adventure, continue through the camp to come to the junction with the Tenaja Canyon Trail/South Tenaja Trail. The continuation of the San Mateo Canyon Trail will be off to the right. Take the right and commence a gentle ascent that climbs up along the south wall of the canyon to avoid a particularly rocky stretch of the creek. Along the way, you will enjoy views of the canyon wall towering up to 1,000’ above your head while the chaparral around you releases pungent scents from abundant black sage and coastal sagebush.



Fungus on a rotting oak

The trail reaches a crest and descends a handful of switchbacks to return to the bottom of the canyon. At the bottom, you will enter a dense and overgrown section of trail that runs along the creek. I suggest you be on the lookout for ticks during the wet season when passing through as this is just the sort of place where a tick will look to hitch a ride. After passing through the tall grass shaded by alders, sycamores, and live oaks, cross a section of the creek that usually holds water before coming to a junction with the North Tenaja Trail.


Creek crossing just before the second camp

Directly across from the North Tenaja Trail is the second of the three backpacking locations along this route. This spot is also the most beautiful of the three sites contained in this trip. This sandy spot sits along a bend in the creek that pools up after a few decent rains, providing an abundant water source for your camp. I once spent a cool, moonlit February night at this spot serenaded by a chorus of frogs.


Just before the canyon opens up


The trail continues past the junction and does a touch more climbing before emerging at a spacious segment of the canyon where the floor widens into an expansive and attractive savanna. The trail gets a bit rougher and overgrown, but the scenery compensates as you will be passing under spreading oak boughs and tall sycamores with their papery leaves rustling in the breeze. You’ll spot more pools down below, and a side trail drops down to the pools to allow you to tank up on water or cool your feet.


The trail approaches the entrance of another significant tributary canyon that also features a junction with the knee-murdering Bluewater Trail. Bluewater Trail drops down from Four Corners in what is initially a gorgeous passage through grassy plains and oak woodlands before dropping down a slippery, treacherously steep descent. You won’t have to worry about this, as the final camp is along the San Mateo Canyon Trail just past this junction. Follow the trail a mere .10 mile past the junction until reaching an overgrown use trail branching off to the left.



This trail leads to another sandy spot that is more open and less secluded than the second campsite, but only slightly less beautiful. In fact, the views here are more enjoyable. A large rock, commonly referred to as “Lunch Rock,” offers a nice vantage point from which to admire the rolling walls of the canyon carpeted in chaparral rising up all around you. There may or may not be water here, depending on recent rains, but water is only a half mile back the way you came.


Down canyon


You have the option to continue down San Mateo Canyon from here if you want more options for exploration. The trail gets progressively rougher as the canyon gets narrower and wilder. This trail continues for another 3 miles past the Bluewater junction before it junctions with the poorly maintained Clark Trail. After that junction, the trail more or less disappears, but more adventurous types can follow the canyon up until the boundary with Camp Pendleton, where access is forbidden. From whichever point you choose to stop at, turn around to retrace your route back to Fishermans Camp and then back up to the trailhead.



– An overnight backcountry permit is required to camp in the San Mateo Canyon Wilderness. This page has the form, which you can download, print, fill out, and fax to Cleveland National Forest at (951) 736-3002. They will mail the permit back, and you will be good to go.

Scott is an L.A. native and San Diego transplant who pulls every trick in the book to get out on the trail. His first book, a revision of Afoot and Afield San Diego County, is now out.



Water Features

Trail Map


Mark Burmeister Mar 11, 2019 20:03In reply to: alejandro

Check out Natural Atlas (https://naturalatlas.com/wilderness/san-mateo-canyon-1936115). Wilderness.net interactive map is also decent (https://www.wilderness.net/NWPS/maps).

Leave a Reply to Mark Burmeister Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scott Turner Feb 26, 2018 05:02In reply to: alejandro

You could trying calling the Trabuco District of Cleveland National Forest to see if they sell them. Otherwise, you can create maps from Caltopo.com. You can customize the size of the topo map, overlay it with gps tracks, and select from different base maps. For this area, I’d select the 2016 USFS topo. It’s a good, clear map.

Leave a Reply to Scott Turner Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

alejandro Feb 25, 2018 19:02

I'm looking to backpack in this area and I'd love to get good maps, but I can't seem to find any. Any recommendations of where to look?

I've been to REI and they say they don't exist... or that they're really hard to find. Thanks!

Leave a Reply to alejandro Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scott Turner Jun 9, 2016 10:06In reply to: Andrea

As Andrew said, this is a large Federal Wilderness set aside for the protection of the all animals and habitats. I don't usually caveat this since we sort of assume there's always a chance of seeing wild animals in wild places. When it comes to flat areas near water sources, animals like these places as much as humans do for many of the same reasons. All I can say is that your odds of having a dangerous encounter with the two animals you cited are extraordinarily low - much, much lower than your odds of physical harm on your ride to the trailhead.

Leave a Reply to Scott Turner Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Andrew Jun 9, 2016 10:06In reply to: Andrea

Where did you camp? The whole area is a natural habitat for all animals from Mountain lions to deer to bobcats. Its kind of hard to direct you to a place that does not have any of those elements especially being tucked in a canyon that has a known water source and access to huge areas of wilderness. Fisherman's Camp may have animals come through at night as well, I have stayed there on many occasions and have heard animals walking in the brush each time. that's part of the experience of backpacking in my opinion. I don't know where to recommend that would not have animals other than a hotel

Leave a Reply to Andrew Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Andrea Jun 9, 2016 09:06

We literally camped last weekend and we chose a wrong spot! :( There were mountain lions/bobcats surrounding our campsite! Do you have any recommended spots? Is fisherman camp an undisturbed area by animals?

Leave a Reply to Andrea Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Bryan Mar 4, 2015 11:03

Awesome! Thanks for the help. Can't wait to get out there.

Leave a Reply to Bryan Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Andrew Feb 26, 2015 21:02In reply to: Bryan

When I was out there this past Sunday There is a good amount of water. Campsite number 2 mentioned above is a prime location and the water there is flowing and clear. After the storm this weekend It will be even better.

Leave a Reply to Andrew Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Bryan Feb 26, 2015 13:02In reply to: Andrew

How was the water out there? I'm thinking of going out for a few days.

Leave a Reply to Bryan Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Andrew Feb 21, 2015 21:02

Loved this area. Just hiked the tenaja trail trail from bear canyon to the tenaja trailhead 3 weeks ago. It was a great 13 mile hike the views and solitude were amazing. The only killer part is coming down the ridge to meet up with the San mateo trail , brutal on the knees. Gonna be out there tomorrow going to lunch rock from tenaja falls trailhead

Leave a Reply to Andrew Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Leave a comment

Leave a Reply Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Should You Hike Here?

With recent wildfire damage and ongoing waves of COVID-19 infections and restrictions, National Forest, National Park, and other public land closures, restrictions, or social distancing guidelines may be in-effect.

If infection rates are on the rise, please do your best to remain local for your hikes. If you do travel, please be mindful of small gateway communities and avoid as much interaction as you can. Also remember to be extra prepared with supplies so you don't have to stop somewhere outside your local community for gas, food, or anything else.

Please be sure to contact the local land management agency BEFORE you head out, as these conditions are likely to change without enough notice for us to fully stay on top of them. Thanks, and stay safe!

Click here to read the current CDC guidelines for traveling during the COVID-19 pandemic.